Crop density is a key agronomical trait used to manage wheat crops and estimate yield. Visual counting of plants in the field is currently the most common method used. However, it is tedious and time consuming. The main objective of this work is to develop a machine vision based method to automate the density survey of wheat at early stages. RGB images taken with a high resolution RGB camera are classified to identify the green pixels corresponding to the plants. Crop rows are extracted and the connected components (objects) are identified. A neural network is then trained to estimate the number of plants in the objects using the object features. The method was evaluated over 3 experiments showing contrasted conditions with sowing densities ranging from 100 to 600 seeds·m-2. Results demonstrate that the density is accurately estimated with an average relative error of 12%. The pipeline developed here provides an efficient and accurate estimate of wheat plant density at early stages.
Estimation of Wheat Plant Density at Early Stages Using High Resolution Imagery
Liu, Shouyang; Baret, Fred; Andrieu, Bruno; Burger, Philippe; Hemmerle, Matthieu
FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE Volume: 8 Article Number: 739 DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00739 Published: MAY 16 2017 Document Type:Article